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记忆宫


记忆宫

(名词) 一种助记器,可通过在特定熟悉的位置(通常以特定熟悉的顺序)可视化项目来帮助人们记住项目。也称为 位点方法.


您 may call upon the mnemonic 每个好男孩都很好面对 to remember the notes of a treble clef. 您 might use 罗伊(Roy G. 回忆彩虹的颜色。这些和其他助记符设备可以帮助我们记住长期记忆中遇到的问题。您可能没有听说过的一种助记符称为 记忆宫。我在暑假期间在阅读时学到了这个学期 坚持到底:成功学习的科学并对此感到非常高兴。记忆 宫! 它使学习听起来很花哨,就像它自带的管家和sc女仆一样。

这里’s how a 记忆宫 works: 您 start with some collection of facts, a list of items, or a sequence of things you want to remember. Next, you choose a location you’re very familiar with: your bedroom, your childhood home, a restaurant you go to frequently. Mentally walking through that place, in the order you’d typically travel through it, you begin placing the objects on your list in specific spots. It’s important to tie these in with familiar items in your location, make the placement as specific as possible, 和 make the connection a little strange, if you can. Once all the items have been placed, imagine yourself walking through your“palace,”encountering each item as you progress. By visualizing this path with each item in a sequence, you strengthen your ability to recall each item 和 the order in which it comes.

Suppose I have to give a speech. I want to do it without using index cards. Like a TED Talk, I want to be able to just get up 和 deliver this beautiful, well-rehearsed talk with finesse. My presentation will start with an Elvis joke, followed by a story about a lesson I learned while watching my son play basketball. Next, I will talk about my main topic—happiness turning up when you least expect it. Finally, I will finish by talking about how we need to use our natural-born gifts to find more of these joys. (By the way, this is a totally fictional speech. I have not written it or given it anywhere. It doesn’t sound half bad, though.)

To construct my 记忆宫 for this speech, I might picture the front porch of my house, 和 imagine Elvis standing there to greet me. That’s the joke at the beginning. Next, there’s a basketball waiting on the doormat, a cue to remember to tell the basketball story. As I enter the house, I see a piece of cheesecake sitting on an armchair—happiness turning up when I least expect it. Finally, I picture a giraffe hanging out in the back of the room. Giraffes have long necks that enable them to access high-growing food that can’t be reached by other animals; that’s using your natural-born gifts to find joy, the end of my presentation. Now, all I have to do to remember the key elements of my talk is picture myself walking through the house, encountering each of these things.

教师如何使用记忆宫

在您的指令中包括记忆宫。
当您希望学生记住特定的顺序或项目列表时,请使用自己的教室,学校的另一部分甚至是镇上一个熟悉的地方作为记忆宫殿。在精神上或身体上都到这个地方,与学生合作,将您列表中的项目与您所选宫殿中的特定位置相关联。这样做可以进一步加强协会,因为学生将能够互相帮助记住。

教学生如何建造自己的记忆宫殿。
作为一种一般的学习技巧,记忆宫是您的最佳选择。因此,教给学生如何创造自己的知识,并让他们知道你什么时候’重新研究一些适合记忆宫殿的东西。学习如何进行深入的分析写作是’这种材料可以使自己成为记忆宫,但是记住科学方法的步骤将是完美的。

使用记忆宫进行更优美的演示。
当您有机会参加专业会议时,必须为您的同事举办研讨会,或者如果您只想为学生做一次难忘的演讲,请使用记忆宫殿将更多内容保存在长期记忆中。

观看行动中的记忆宫

这里’关于如何使用内存宫殿技术的另一示例,这里称为基因座方法:

 

其他资源

学会记住一切:记忆宫技术由Ruben Berenguel撰写 主要是数学

利用记忆宫技术开发完美记忆由Luciano Passuello在 精明

古代意象助记符,由Nigel J.T.斯坦福哲学百科全书中的托马斯


 

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8条留言

  1. I’ve been aware of Loci for a couple of years. This past year, I had students memorize a passage from Romeo 和 Juliet–and I took a passage for myself. The students said,“It’s not fair–you do this every year!” but I said it’s the first time I’ve participated 和 besides, I’m old 和 can’t remember anything. But I“placed”images (for Mercutio’s dying speech) in my apartment as I“walked”through it (think a freshly-dug grave on the stair landing), 和 it was a piece of cake. That’s because when we associate an image with a memory, we can use that image as a retrieval tool (thanks Making it Stick!). I went so far as to sketch my images on the white board 和 take my students through my Loci. I found I could stop in the middle, have a conversation, 和 pick right up where I left off–because I could remember where I was in my“apartment”and what the next image was when I stopped. Months later I can still recite my passage. It’s really an amazing technique. Next is to have students use it for public speaking.

  2. 很棒的文章,珍妮佛。

    这让我想起了蒂姆·费里斯(Tim Ferriss)的那本书,内容涉及如何通过与人/地方相关联来记住一副纸牌:

    http://fourhourworkweek.com/2013/02/07/how-to-memorize-a-shuffled-deck-of-cards-in-less-than-60-seconds/

    谢谢!

  3. 梅兰妮 说:

    我在大学的前几年在参加认知心理学课程时就了解了“基因座方法”。我在学期的同一门课程中将我刚刚学到的理论应用到了期中,并对结果感到惊讶。我将概念放置在童年时期卧室的各个位置,并且在编写期中考试时能够轻松回忆这些信息。

    过去,我曾向学生教授过该策略,并将继续教授该策略。

  4. 卡桑德拉·米歇尔(Cassandra Michel) 说:

    你好
    I have read about 记忆宫’s in Joshua Foer’s book Moonwalking With Einstien. I read this book in 10th grade for summer reading. The book explores memory in a memoir form that recounts Foer’s journey to improve his memory 和 eventually win a memory competition. It also discusses ways to memorize numbers 和 explores memory loss. It could also be a good resource for teachers to learn more about the 记忆宫. When I read this book in 10th grade for summer reading 和 participated in a fourm-post style discussion a common theme among students is that teachers should teach students how to create 记忆宫’s 和 that year in my English class their was no attempt to instruct this. I really like 和 appreciate the application to the classroom 和 building a collective 记忆宫 that you talked about! If working with high school students Moonwalking With Einstien, By Joshua Foer, could also be a resource for students as well as a way to incorporate more reading of informational texts into your curriculum. I remember really enjoying reading the book. I really enjoyed this post. Thank you!

  5. 艾丽莎·哈特(Alissa Hart) 说:

    感谢您提醒我这一点。我教德语,有三种性别。性别必须被记住,并且是语言不可或缺的一部分。我尝试给学生一些策略。我曾经告诉他们在他们的屋子里画出所有男性化的字眼,外面是女性的,或者只是使用消灭或中性的手段在天空中。但是我有一段时间了。 Loci是很好的策略,也是我工具箱中的另一个工具。再次感谢您的提醒。

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